Panalpina can, by no means, be liable for the loss or damage occurred to the goods, if occasioned by one or more of the following circumstances:
a) the negligence of the client or his authorized representative.
b) the lack of, or defective packing, markings or stowage, insofar as Panalpina has not executed the packing, markings or stowage. Panalpina shall also have no liability for packing of goods, of which it cannot verify the contents.
c) war, rebellion, revolution, insurrection, usurped power or confiscation, nationalization or requisition by or under the orders of any government or public or local authority.
d) damages caused by nuclear energy.
e) natural disasters.
f) acts of God.
g) act of robbery.
h) circumstances with Panalpina could not avoid and the consequences of which it was unable to prevent.
i) inherent vice and nature of the goods.
Panalpina shall not be liable for any damage caused by rodents and insects unless the client is able to give evidence that Panalpina has not complied with the usual protective measures.
Panalpina can, by no means, be liable if the goods have been carried by the client or his representative.
Panalpina shall not be liable for consequences of loading and unloading operations which it has not performed.
Panalpina shall not be liable for claims due to appreciation of lost or damaged goods.
Panalpina shall not be liable in respect of any consequential loss or damage, such as loss of profit, loss of client, claims for losses due to depreciation and conventional fines.